Forages

Tiffany Teff Grass 

Tiffany Teff Grass is a warm season annual grass that requires a frost free growing season. This seed must be planted after the risk of frost has passed in the Spring.

Why do you use Tiffany Teff Grass?

1. High Quality Horse Hay

2. Cattle Hay - Dry Cow Hay and Heifer Hay

3. Double Cropping

4. Green Manure

5. Cover Crop For Erosion Control

When do you plant  Tiffany Teff Grass?

May complete stand 4 cuts
Late May/June inter-seeding into hay 3 cuts
July direct seed after wheat 2 cuts
August rescue crop to increase winter feed 1 cut

Plant and Growing Requirements

Tiffany Teff Grass is a very small seed annual grass with an average of 1.3 million seeds/lb whereas Timothy has a seed count of 1.2 million seeds/lb. New crop: Seeding rates are 5-8 lb/acre (coated seed 10 lb/acre). Overseeding: Seeding rate is 3-4 lb/acre (coated seed 6 lb/acre). Seedbed preparation, soil packing before and after planting, needs to occur due to the small seed size. Depth of planting should be 1/8" - 1/4" which is important for solid plant establishment. Adequate soil moisture is ideal for the crop’s fast germination which occurs within one week, under warm conditions.

Broadcast planting using a Brillion grass seeder and cultipacker combination or a spinner type grass seeder is optimal. If row planting is used, row-spacing should be very narrow to allow stronger weed competition. Teff has an initial slow growth until a good root system has been established.

Fertilization

Applications of 50-60 lbs of N at planting is recommended. Small applications of N following each cut will enhance yields of later cuts. Moderate amounts of Phosphorus and in some cases Sulfur may be required. Excessive fertilization should be avoided to prevent lodging.

Nutritive Value

Nutritive value of Tiffany Teff Grass is comparable to Timothy, making it an excellent forage for horse and other livestock. Palatability and animal acceptance has been reported to be very good by horse owners.

Protein content of Teff hay ranges from 12-17% depending on the growth stage or maturity. RFV values have been reported in the 80-120  range. Oregon State University trials reported ADF and NDF values at three locations from 32-40 and 53-70 respectively.

Teff hay is high in calcium as well as phosphorus, iron, copper, aluminum, barium and thiamine. Potassium levels have been reported in some hays in the 2.5 - 3.0 range. Nitrate and nitrite contents are low under normal fertility conditions.

As with most forage crops, quality and digestibility decreases with maturity and fibre content increases. For optimal nutritional value, a crop cutting interval of 40-60 days is recommended for first cut (30 day interval on subsequent cuts). Forage should be cut before seed heads appear. Harvest should start 30-45 days to achieve best feed quality results.

Yield results  as of September 1, 2007 of Tiffany Teff Grass compared with other warm-season annual grasses at two locations in Pennsylvania.

Species/Variety Rock Springs Landsville
  Tonnes/Acre Tonnes/Acre
Teff, Pharoah 5.2 6.4
Teff, Tiffany 4.6 6.7
Teff, Corvalis 5.6 6.9

 

3 Hay Cuts First Cut 50 Days After Planting
  Second Cut 14 Days Later
  Third Cut 30 Days Later

 

Tiffany Teff Grass (Second Cut) - Elmira, ON.

Tiffany Teff Grass (Second Cut) - Elmira, ON.

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Tiffany Teff Grass - Waterloo, NY.

Tiffany Teff Grass - Waterloo, NY.

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Tiffany Teff Grass - Elma, NY.

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Baled Tiffany Teff Grass - Lancaster Co., PA.

Baled Tiffany Teff Grass - Lancaster Co., PA.

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Baled Tiffany Teff Grass - Lancaster Co., PA.

Baled Tiffany Teff Grass - Lancaster Co., PA.2

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