Forages

Bromegrass

Carlton Smooth Bromegrass

Undoubtedly the best dual-purpose grass we have, being equally useful for hay and pasture. Brome is very high yielding, palatable, long-lived, resistant to drought and heavy grazing, and winter hardy, making it the basic ingredient in all mixtures for hay and pasture.

Leafy, tall growing Bromegrass starts growth early in the spring and continues right through the season, providing excellent pasture in the aftermath. When pastured, it resembles Couch Grass in the way it spreads and forms a thick turf, growing in between the more bunchy plants like Alfalfa. Contrary to some opinion, little difficulty is experienced in getting rid of it by ploughing.

For hay, it matures about the same time as Timothy but the leaves remain soft and green for a longer period of time.

Brome prefers sandy loam to light clay loam soils, and in general, succeeds anywhere Timothy can be grown. High levels of fertility are not essential but on lighter soils an annual application of a high nitrogen fertilizer is recommended unless it is growing with a legume.

If Brome has a fault it is in its’ slow establishment in that it takes an extra year from seeding to reach full production. This can be overcome by using one of the improved varieties that have recently been developed featuring greater seeding, vigour and more rapid growth. 

 

Fleet Meadow Bromegrass

This fast-recovering pasture grass offers better performance all through the grazing season. It’s a new forage variety especially developed for cold conditions.

Meadow Bromegrass is a very efficient pasture crop. It offers a similar yield to traditional Smooth Bromegrass but has a distinct advantage because it will regrow quickly, right through the season.

Leaves of Meadow Bromegrass are narrower than Smooth Bromegrass and grow mostly from the bottom of the plant.

The disadvantages of Meadow Bromegrass, relative to Smooth Bromegrass, are slower establishment, lower winter hardiness and less flooding tolerance.

Why Fleet Meadow Bromegrass makes sense for cattle producers.

The time required to recover after mowing or grazing is the all-important factor for pasture grasses. Fleet is a variety of Meadow Bromegrass for Canadian and Northern U.S.A. conditions and as well as its quick recovery time, it offers good resistance to frost which means more fall grazing.

In addition, Fleet stands up well under heavy grazing and /or poor soil conditions.

Its hay yields are 80-90% those of Smooth Bromegrass and its pasture yields are equal to, or (especially in high moisture areas) better than Smooth Bromegrass.

Fleet Meadow Bromegrass mixes well with Alfalfa to produce a high-quality forage. Meadow Bromegrass has less tendency to creep which results in a higher proportion of Alfalfa.

Pasture Yields -Similar to Smooth Bromegrass when moisture is limited, better under good moisture conditions.

Regrowth - Quick recovery after haying or grazing, better than smooth bromegrass.

Hay yields - 80-90% to those of Smooth Bromegrass.

Persistence - Better than Smooth Bromegrass under heavy grazing or on poor soil.

Frost tolerance - Better than Smooth Bromegrass.

Forage quality - Similar to Regar. 

 

 Other Varieties Available:

 

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